India is surrounded by some great rivers including Ganga, Brahmaputra and Narmada. India has over 4710 completed dams. In order to hold the strong and heavy water flow from these rivers, Indian government has invested in multiple dams, to ensure the safety of its citizens.
These dams help in providing electricity and water resources to every corner of the country, which has become a necessity considering the decreasing water ratio, and increasing population in the country. These dams play an important role in contributing to each and every urban and rural household and also help in agricultural growth by providing irrigation facilities.
Dams help in preventing and often controlling floods in several regions of the country. Following Dams in India are ranked based on their size and water holding capacity. Here are the top 10 Biggest Dams In India in 2019.
10. Cheruthoni Dam, Kerala
It is one of the largest concrete gravity dam built in India across Cheruthoni River. It is located just near Idukki arch dam. It goes up to a height of 454 feet, which makes it the third highest dam in the country. The dam is build near a hill station, Idukki, which is famous for its wildlife. The dam has a beautifully architecture and well maintained; it now serves as popular picnic and tourist spot. Both these dams are open for public visiting, during the Onam festival. It is spread across a length of 2300 feet and has an installed capacity of 32 MW.
9. Indira Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh
Indira Sagar comes amongst the biggest dams built in central India, which is located near Khandwa district in Mundi. It was built in 2005 on Narmada River, covering a height of 92 meters. The dam is spread across 653 meters, and has an installed power capacity of more than 1000 MW. It contributes to the largest water reservoir in the country with 12.22 billion cu. The dam plays an important role in providing land irrigation in 1230 square km area, which contributes to 2.7 billion units’ production.
8. Karnataka’s Krishna Raja Sagar Dam
The Masonry dam is located in Mysore; it was built on Kaveri River in 1924. It is one of the most important and largest Dams for Karnatakains and South Indians. The dam is popular because of the famous river attached to it. Brindavan Gardens are also attached to this dam, which adds beauty and greenery to its outlook. It has a height of 125 feet, which spreads along the length of 3.5 km. It has a power generation capacity of over 200 MW.
7. Mettur Dam in TamilNadu
Mettur Dam is considered as the strongest concrete dam built in India. It is built around Kaveri River in Tamil Nadu district Salem. It holds a height of 120 ft. It was build in 1934, is considered one of the oldest concrete dam of India. It is spread across an area of 1700 meters. It has a power generation capacity of over 32 MW. Hogenakal Falls are located just upstream from the dam, which has helped in turning it into a beautiful tourist spot.
6. Bisalpur Dam, Rajasthan
Bisalpur Dam was built in the year 1999 on Banas river located in Tonk district near Deoli. The dam is 130 feet high and is spread across the length of 1883 feet. It has a power installation capacity of 172 MW. Its design is considered as one of the finest gravity structure dam in India. It was built in order to provide water supply and irrigation to the nearby locals. It has a reservoir capacity of 1 billion meters.
5. Koyna Dam, Maharashtra
The dam is built around the beautiful mountain range of Sahyadri. It opened in 1964 in Koyna Nagar, Maharashtra. It’s a rubble concrete dam, that took almost a 8 years to get completed, its construction started in 1956. It stands up to 103.2 meters high, which is spread across the length of 807.2 meters. It is built across Konya River. Its reservoir Shivajisagar Lake is a popular tourist spot which has a total capacity of over 2.2 million cubic meters. It can generate over 1960 power with its hydro-water flow. Konya is regarded as the life line of state, because of its power generating potential.
4. Maithon Dam, Jharkhand
The dam was completely built in 1957 in Maithon, across Barakar River, which is spread across an area of 4789 meters. It shadows over a height of 165 feet. Maithon Lake was created as a water reservoir for the dam, which has a capacity of over 65 square km. The dam was designed for power generation and flood control and is serving both these purposes perfectly now. It has an installed capacity of about 60 MW. It contributes to the only underground power station in South East Asia. Maithon dam, serves multiple purposes, as its helps in reducing flood risks, promotes irrigation, helps with drainage and also helps in the production and distribution of electric power. This has helped in state’s overall economic growth.
3. Rihand Dam, Uttar Pradesh
It is also famous as Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar. It is a concrete based dam, which was built in 1962 in Sonbhadra District. Its reservoir is set up at the border of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. It is built across Rihand River, which is a seasonal tributary of Son River. It plays an important role in providing irrigation facilities in Bihar. It covers a height of 91 meters, and is spread across the length of 934 meters. Its reservoir offers a capacity of 10.6 billion cubic meters. Rihand Dam has an installed capacity of 300 MW.
2. TungaBhadra Dam, Karnataka
The dam is named after the river it is built across, Tungabhadra River, which is a tributary of Krishna River. It is an earthen gravity dam. It opened in 1953, and is located in Hospet, a small town of Karnataka. It is a composite dam, made with a spillway length of 701 meters. It serves several purposes including electricity generation, irrigation and flood control, etc. Its water reservoir is name after the dam itself, Tungabhadra, which has a capacity of 101 tmcft. It stands 49.5 tall, and covers almost 2449 meters of area around the river. It has an installed capacity of 127 MW.
1. Bhavanisagar Dam, Tamil Nadu
It is also known as Lower Bhavani Dam, which opened in 1955 in Tamil Nadu’s Erode District. The dam is built across Bhavani River and is considered one of largest Earthen Dam in the world. It was built to contribute to Tamil Nadu’s power generation and agricultural needs. It has a height of 37 meters, and lengths across almost 8 km of area. It has two power station turbines for hydroelectric power generation, which together have an installed capacity of 32 MW.
Dams play vital role in today’s world, which gives easy water accessibility to citizens around the country by offering other energy sources like electricity and irrigation facilities. It also helps flood control and, by distributing water in a way that it causes minimum damage. However, they come with their own drawbacks, as their construction demands deforestation, which effects environment and wildlife. The big water reservoirs, in these dams affect the forest and wetlands, which is slowly taking away the natural habitat of various areas.